Construction health and safety methods worth using

Construction safety plan is terribly necessary whereas designing a project as any construction site will cause danger to individuals working in it. In order to prevent any kind of hazards from happening you want to keep some safety measures in place.

Keeping a construction safety manual comes highly recommended; some safety measures can be taken from the law and other are simply logic, however all these are terribly necessary as you do not want to take the risk of injury or death in your construction site.

Here are few safety concerns that should be taken care of:

Knowing a way to handle emergencies

Any construction worker should have the knowledge and coaching of the surroundings they are working in. It’s advised to coach and educate the workers on the location regarding fire procedures and first aid. Simply some basics like first aid kits, fire extinguishers, emergency phone numbers, location of the closest hospitals, evacuation plan will vastly help reduce the chance of accidents.

First aid and fire safety

As told earlier it is a must to coach the employee on first aid and fire safety. Make sure the construction site has enough first aid stations, materials like bandages, gauze, burn ointment and ice packs to take care of a fire accident. Make sure that the fire equipment is nearby and also the worker should remember of where the equipment is, how it should be used and what method to follow if there is a fire in a construction site.

Prevention is better than Cure – Taking Preventive Measures

Safety measures are always vital in a construction site. Before starting the day’s work there are various precautions that one will take to avoid accidents.

First, factor is to wear a helmet, eye protection glasses, gloves and correct outfit.

People working at construction site should be brave, fit and healthy. If the employee suffers from weakness or dizziness he should not be allowed to work at a high level to prevent him from falling off heights.

Right data concerning the work, a way to lift and move heavy things will save a worker from possible accidents. Taking somebody’s help to do so will save a life.

Further precautions

A construction employee should never use a power tool unless he’s trained to try and do so. Wearing safety harness at all times of work can prevent one from falling or getting injured. Putting a barricade within the areas of danger will stop both employee and also the visitor form going there.

One should guarantee that the worker knows all the above mentioned construction safety procedures and are willing to abide by them.

The Way To Create A Site Inspection And Testing Plan For Construction Activities

The primary purpose of an Inspection and Testing Plan (ITP) to get a construction project is always to have a straightforward solitary document that reports all inspection and testing wants associated with a particular construction activity or procedure. For example, on a construction project, it could be the construction of a foundation, an excavation or the concreting of a section in the superstructure, procurement of construction materials or usage of plant and machinery. Similarly, the ITP not merely clearly defines the work as well as the supplies to become inspected and tested but additionally indicates who’s responsible for ITP functions including when, where and how it has to be carried out.

In addtion, it has Hold and Witness Points, sources to applicable standards, acceptance or rejection guidelines as well as the precise record keeping and reporting specifications. Therefore, a well prepared ITP can be implemented successfully although making certain any construction activity has the required quality and workmanship in accordance with relevant standards. Most importantly, an ITP envisions appropriate record keeping which ensure traceability that is a mandatory requirement in any Quality Control/Assurance system for example ISO9000:2002.

Generally, the main contractor within a construction project is responsible for creating and implementing appropriate ITPs. Similarly, the main contractor is accountable for ITPs for the construction actions carried out by its sub-contractors. It really is mandatory to appoint a senior responsible person; from the contractors side; on creating and approving or subsequent modifications to ITP for any project. He/she who is appointed ought to be effectively experienced and possess sound practical knowledge on the all elements of construction. A lot more importantly, this responsible person must know how you can submit compliance as well as a conformity certification to the client including what corrective measures or responses are needed to resolve any non-conformity concern.

The actions involved in building an appropriate Inspection and Testing Plans for a construction project are:

All involved in creating an ITP must have thorough familiarization with all the contract documents and related technical specifications. In other words, he/she ought to have a thorough knowledge of contractual clauses and obligations (pertaining to testing and inspection) topic for the prevailing contract.
Prepare a detailed list of any ambiguities or inconsistencies or lack of information and specifications pertaining to raw supplies and workmanship.
Inform the Client or Clients Representatives such shortcomings in writing prior to commencement of any activity.
Study the scope of work or the Bill of Quantities in detail. Later, prepare a list of areas that demand an ITP. It really is usually a good practice to prepare separate ITPs for each and every work location or trade or section.
Decide on the Hold and Witness Points stipulated within the contract which includes any subsequent directions given by the Client or Clients Representatives.
Prioritize the locations or requirements that may have a significant impact on the quality from the final work or product. When preparing such priority list one should ask what if questions to be able to ascertain the influence on the final quality as well as the acceptance of the item or work in case of non-conformity. Be certain to contain any references to tests, submitting information for the client, getting approvals and deciding on Hold and Witness Points.
Once the places or items are prioritized depending on the implications resulting from non-conformity, it is essential to prepare person ITPs for every prioritized area to ensure that detailed checklists and recording on inspection and testing are determined.
Share the ready checklist and also the recording with other individuals who are related using the particular construction. Depending on the positive and negative inputs given by the construction team, the proposed ITPs will have to be revised to ensure wider acceptance (by the construction team) which will enable smooth implementation of ITPs with out any snags.
Prepare every ITP with reference to contract document as well as the Quality Management System (QMS) if it is already in location.
Timely submission of every ITP as well as the associated certification towards the Client is essential, so that he/she has sufficient time to comment before commencement of any work or activity earmarked beneath the ITP. The comments given by the Client has to become noted and have to be included within the ITP. If it is not achievable, it has to be notified for the client in writing with out delay.
It is essential to separate all work locations from the construction project so that appropriate control and monitoring of ITP actions are feasible. It is far better to mark these places on drawings or included in a schedule.
Release ITP checklists for each construction work region or sections included inside the schedule or marked place on the drawings.
Create awareness (by way of coaching) on each and every ITP among those who are directly responsible or involved in it. A clear process has to be place in spot for prior notification of Hold & Witness Point for the right individual.
Finally implement every ITP (Inspection & Testing) while notifying the respective customers and regulatory authorities who are responsible for Hold & Witness Points. Maintain correct recording of ITP results on checklists which are approved by the responsible persons.

On reviewing the above mentioned, it is noted that when developing an effective ITP to get a construction activity, one has to essentially address the next:

What, when and how to test?
The type of construction activity and its complexity.
Ease of inspections and sampling
The severity of non-conformity or failure: cost of rectification, the effect on construction progress, ease of rectification, the effect of failure on other elements as well as the threat to worker safety including the public.
Finally the resource availability.

Effective Weather Protection Solutions In Construction

Weather protection solutions are becoming increasing necessary in today’s business needs. These structures are necessary for protecting people and equipments from different climatic conditions. These portable buildings have variety of applications in the construction industry. These shelters provide temporary storage area, work as a site for equipment servicing and repair work, and for storing construction materials dry. Different sizes provide different utilities which makes them ideal for construction sites.

These temporary shelters can be used for a cement cover base, equipment repaid facility and work area for laborers. This allows bringing outdoor work inside. The demand of these temporary shelters is increasing every day and its popularity can be estimated from the fact that even US military uses it for many applications like equipment and vehicle maintenance centers. Some of these temporary fabric shelters are as simple as a rolling canopy spread over a boat or a truck. These shelters are an energy efficient solution for temporary storage at construction sites and the best part is that these structures are absolutely green conscious

These are effective weather protection solutions for construction sites because it fulfils the one of the most important needs of construction business – These shelters are able to keep Construction, concrete and aggregate products dry on the jobsite. Another advantage is that these shelters are made up of translucent materials which provide sufficient natural light to work inside – thus saving energy. These eco friendly shelters provide weather protection for rebar forming and fabrication.

Construction shelter manufacturers excel at providing coverage for on-site construction supplies, which eliminates the risk of water damage. These shelters are low cost, take few days to build and they can be moved within a project and from one site to another to maximize their use. A custom designed fabric shelter can be designed for the majority of construction business needs.

Safety design and environmental production is significant in construction

Historically fire safety design of buildings has been seen as a constraint to innovative design, but this needn’t be the case. Many innovative building designs now utilise fire safety engineering rather than having to rely solely on functional-based codes. This approach can enable architects to achieve innovative cost-effective designs while meeting fire safety design needs.Henan Daswell Machinery Co., Ltd,is a professional manufacturer and trader specializing in the research, development and production of construction machinery for nearly 30 years.Our main products are as follows:mobile block making machine, concrete batching plants,concrete mixer,blocking making machine,concrete pump,etc. c.

Successful fire safety design requires an understanding of a wide range of issues and components, and the interactions between them such as, fire source, smoke movement and heat transfer to the building structure, detection, human behavior and toxicity.

Buildings are becoming bigger, taller concrete mixing plant, deeper and more complex with multiple functions and occupancy hence the need for fire engineering design. Qualified architects can help you to incorporate the latest fire safety design principles into you building projects without impacting adversely on the function or appearance of the building.

How To Remove Construction Waste In A Professional Way

A heap of waste lying on the road is not at all a tolerable site. There are many types of wastes. When some types of waste are degradable, the others are non-degradable. An area where waste management system is improper is unsuitable for living. If you are in the construction field, or rebuilding your house, construction debris disposal will be a matter of concern. But, today you dont have to worry about it. There are many garbage disposal companies that can assist in removing the debris and disposing. The disposal companies will have their own special machineries and equipments to remove the waste materials. Today commercial and residential homes are budding up everywhere, but professionals into the building business are sometimes unaware of the methods through which they can dispose construction garbage. Well, removal of concrete parts is a big job, if you are not using the right machineries. Rather than removing by yourselves it is better to hire a garbage removal company to do the task. They will have the right type of equipments that can break up the concrete and make it in to small pieces. Then will carry the concrete garbage away from your property without damaging anything.

Hiring a company is easy but needs some research. First of all, you should check whether the company has a valid license, and are they insured to perform heavy concrete removal jobs. Then check their experience in the field. If it is a budding waste management company then check its past history. With the introduction of many garbage disposal companies, Waste management Louisiana is carried out in a successful way.

How professional construction waste disposal companies work?

Big concrete structures cannot be broken into pieces with a small jackhammer. Suitable machinery is needed to cut the concrete of the garage, patio or the driveway. While planning to reconstruct a room or laying marble on the floor, people will be in a hurry to remove the old one. In the hurry-burry they will forget to close the main water connection, or gas and electric lines located on the reconstructing property. This will lead to mishaps.

By assigning the job to a professional waste removal company more than half of your job is completed. They will use machineries to break big concrete pieces in to small and use trash haulers or dumpster to remove construction debris from the site. Some companies use Construction Containers to collect the waste and dispose it later. Garbage disposal companies will have large trucks to carry waste from the main site to the area where it should be dumped. A highly experienced company can make you area look like a new place by removing all unwanted construction wastes in a tactful manner.

Many garbage removal companies can work for you at competitive prices. All you need is to do some research on the companies located near your area, their services, experience in the field and cost. Compare the services and cost of each company to select the best one.

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Dangerous developed tech and additionally promote maturation backhoe loading machine

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Types of Masonry Construction, Characteristics and Common Uses

Types of Masonry Construction, Characteristics And Common Uses

Virtually, all buildings incorporate some type of masonry construction, whether it is a stone or concrete foundation, brick veneer walls, or terra cotta ornamentation. Preservation of these buildings requires a basic understanding of masonry types and their characteristics, technology and construction methodology, proper maintenance and conservation treatments.

Masonry is generally a highly durable form of construction. However, the quality of material used, together with the quality of the mortar and workmanship can strongly affect the durability of the overall masonry construction. Masonry is commonly used for the walls of buildings, retaining walls and monuments. Brick is the most common type of masonry and may be either load bearing or a veneer. Concrete Masonry Units (CMU’s) are made from concrete and are larger than ordinary bricks. CMU walls can be reinforced by filling the block voids with concrete and steel reinforcing bars. Typically, not all voids are filled, but rather those at corners, wall ends, adjacent to window and door openings, which increase wall strength and stability. Placement of steel reinforcement generally results in a CMU walls having much greater lateral and tensile strength than unreinforced walls.

The earliest material to be used was stone. It can be obtained in two ways: from natural outcroppings or scattered deposits, and by the process of quarrying. Most early buildings were constructed of stone readily available near the building site. Early stonemasons also were aware that certain stone types had more -weatherability- – able to withstand the effects of weather better than others – and they utilized each type in accordance with its properties. Stones may be laid up in their natural form, or broken and squared, or shaped, for the proper fit with other stones in the wall.

Quarrying, the industrial process of extracting stone from the earth requires substantial effort and technology. In this process, stone is drilled, blasted, fractured or cut from the quarry face, and then shaped and finished for use in construction.

Concrete masonry units (block and concrete brick are available in sizes, shapes, colors, textures, and profiles for practically every conceivable need and convenience in masonry construction. In addition, concrete masonry units may be used to create attractive patterns and designs to produce an almost unlimited range of architectural treatments of wall surfaces. The following are some more prominent uses:

Exterior load-bearing walls (below and above grade)

Interior load-bearing or non load bearing walls

Fire walls, party walls, curtain walls

Partitions, panel walls, solar screens

Backing for brick, stone, stucco, and other exterior facings

Veneer or nonstructural facing for wood, concrete, or masonry

Fire protection of structural steel members

Firesafe enclosures of stairwells, elevator shafts, storage vaults, or fire hazardous work areas

Piers, pilasters, columns

Bond beams, lintels, sills

Floor and roof systems

Retaining walls, slope protection, ornamental garden walls, and highway sound barriers

Chimneys and fireplaces

Catch basins, manholes, valve vaults

Paving and turf block

Solid brick masonry is made of two or more layers with the units running horizontally (called -stretcher- bricks) bound together with bricks running transverse to the wall (called -header- bricks). Each row of bricks is known as a course. The pattern of headers and stretchers employed gives to different bonds such as the common bond, with every sixth course composed of headers, the English bond, and the Flemish bond, with alternating stretcher and header bricks present on every course. There are no real significant utilitarian differences between most bonds, but the appearance of the finished walls is affected. Brickwork, like unreinforced concrete, has little tensile strength, and works by everything being kept in compression.

There are many brick laying patterns, the following are but a few:

Stack Bond The brick laying patterns described by this term are not structurally sound and are used only for decorative purposes. The stack bond is a run of stretchers with each stretcher stacked centered on the stretcher below it. All joints run vertically down the entire wall.

Running Bond brick laying patterns are a run of stretchers with each stretcher placed in the center of the stretcher below it. This pattern gives a reasonable amount of structural soundness.

English Bond is made up of alternating courses of stretchers and headers. This is the strongest bond for a one-brick thick wall.

Brick Terminology

Bat is a brick cut in half or quarter along the short face

Closer A queen closer is brick cut in half down the long face. They are used in corners of English or Flemish Bond.

Header Brick is laid in a wall, usually connecting two rows of a double wythe wall. The smallest end of the brick is horizontal, aligned with the surface of the wall and exposed to the weather.

Quoins are groups of brick that project slightly from the face of a wall at the corner of a building. The pattern often alternates with several courses projecting bricks, and several courses that are aligned with the wall. The pattern of projecting quoins often alternates with the brickwork on the other side of the corner.

Rowlock is a complete course of brick laid on its side, with the shortest end of the brick exposed and vertical. Commonly used on the top course as a coping for a garden wall.

Sailor Brick are laid on its end with the largest, broad face exposed.

Shiner Brick laid on edge like a sailor, but the broad face is set horizontally.

Soldier Brick often is a complete course of brick laid on end vertically, with the narrow side exposed in the face of the wall.

Wythe is a single vertical wall of brick.

Clay Brick vs. Concrete

The formula for brick making has not changed for hundreds of years. The primary ingredients are clays and shale. It is these ingredients that give natural brick its colors and hue.

The natural color of concrete is gray. In order to give concrete bricks color, additives are necessary to create the variety of colors. Weather and the ultraviolet rays of the sun can cause concrete bricks to fade over time.

Concrete bricks have a tendency to shrink. During the concrete curing process, if the bricks are not properly cured prior to being delivered to the jobsite, shrinking and cracking will appear at the mortar joints and can allow water to enter the wall cavity.

According to a recent survey of architects, designers, engineers, and environmental planners and managers conducted by the Portland Cement Association (PCA), 77 percent chose concrete as a sustainable material. Overall, respondents ranked concrete favorably for its energy efficiency, durability and reduced maintenance. Over 500 individuals participated in the blind survey presented in an Internet survey form by a third party web host.

According to PCA President, -buildings with exterior concrete walls utilize less energy to heat and cool than similarly insulated buildings with wood or steel frame walls-. Additionally, -the superior insulation, air tightness, and mass of the walls can reduce energy for heating and cooling by up to 40%.

Alan Trauger is a Building Consultant that performs property condition assessments for residential and commercial properties. An experienced and knowledgeable problem solver, understanding processes and issues related to building structures and their systems. An expert witness, trainer, and educator. To review Authors Bio, qualifications, and interest in receiving future email newsletters http://www.alantrauger.com

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Environmental Management Systems For The Construction Industry

Currently harmonized Environmental Management Systems (EMS) is generally taken in the business scene. As we know, environmental management systems first established in Japan (in the electronic industry) in the 1980s and later spread out to USA and Europe. In latter places, EMS was used primarily by great harming establishments including chemical and power. Later on it was steadily brought in to other fields which had fewer environmental shocks.

A great number of construction businesses all around the world are experiencing a great number of environmental setbacks. Such as, strict and complex environmental laws and regulations, bringing up compliance costs and hefty penalties for violation could affect every construction companys success regarding profitability and development. Apart from these rising situations, increasing public interest on environmental concerns has catalysed the construction enterprises to think in another way or look for state of the art techniques to strengthen or sustain their solvency.

In the same way, a great number of construction firms (either small or large) have demonstrated that a sensible EMS is not simply beneficial in many different ways but in addition a innovative tactic to remain competitive in a tremendously erratic sector.

Toward ecologically sustainable enhancement

The construction market creates streets, railways, schools, hospitals, local community and recreational functions and various installations that shape our built environment and contour our landscape. Up until recently, economic advancement, social regimens and environment protection came about mostly in seclusion from one another. These days, however, there is a rising understanding that these arrangements are interconnected and that social, economic and ecological targets are interdependent. Ecologically Sustainable Development has actually been described as: using, conserving and enhancing the communitys resources so that ecological processes, on which life depends, are maintained, and the total quality of life, now and in the future, can be increased.

It is a well-known reality that countless number of construction corporations internationally have exceptionally benefited through implementation of EMS. To illustrate, the benefits are many:
Cutting down expenses due to judicious utilization of resources and waste minimization
Ability to comply with rigorous environmental laws and regulations. Thus, reducing consequences, delays and refrain from fees and penalties.
Ability to observe or observe environmental concerns concerning many phases of construction projects
Increased competitiveness and discover market options simply by environmentally friendly construction programs available to environmentally sensitive patrons
Facilitate highly effective correspondence and dialogue involving all stakeholders involved internally as well as externally. In other words, fostering better relationships with regulators or law enforcement agencies including the communities.
Greater business image as a socially and ecologically accountable construction firm,
Producing a highly involved (or encouraged) and responsible team or a open environmental crew inside of the group

A highly effective EMS signifies not merely always keeping the exterior working environment healthy but additionally maintaining a safe and healthy working situation through Occupational and Healthy (OH&S) procedures. Fundamentally, the previous will incorporate implementation of ISO14001 and the second incorporate occupational health and safety steps specified in OHSAS18002:2008. This demonstrates EMS and OH&S precautions should combine together for effective implementation of an EMS in a construction firm.

The ISO14001 international standards stipulates the precise prerequisites for an EMS. It basically applies to environmental issues which the construction firm has the control over and at the same time many of these issues can have an impact on its efficiency.

In simple terms, ISO14001 is a voluntary standard that may be used by any construction company. It mostly supports the business to carefully deal with construction actions that have a negative influence on the environment. Particularly, it consists of 17 elements or attributes grouped into five essential areas:
Environmental Policy
Planning
Implementation and operation
Checking and corrective action
Management Review

Mainly, ISO14001 can help any kind of construction organization to abide by relevant environmental law regulations whilst boosting the environmentally connected tasks on a repeated basis.

Actually, any Environmental Management System (EMS) is a special management process which goes after Plan-Do-Check-Act model or method. It presents a strategy to ascertain all environmental aspects related to operations of a construction business. Also, it will help the entity in question not just to build up, implement, keep tabs on, review, and modify action plans and methods on frequent basis but moreover boost the construction companys all round operations that have a direct effect on the environment.

A sound environmental procedure in construction ventures means:

Conducting for all projects a Comprehensive environmental impact analysis, encompassing all stages straight from inception right through to operation and, finally, decommissioning or demolition. All of the detected impacts must be removed (where possible) or mitigated through the lifecycle of the project.

Integrating during the entire project lifecycle the Environmental management principles and systems.

Applying Environmental consciousness strategies to make certain contractors can potentially complete their environmental management assignments and duties.

Resource preservation and management needs to be an important consideration at every stage from project inception right through to operations and, eventually, decommissioning or demolition.

The crucial need for effective environmental management is that environmental situations should be found, examined and maintained throughout every stage of a projects life: from start off through design, building and operation to eventual demolition/disposal.

In summing up, EMS is mainly a management tool for modern construction company. With rapidly raising environmentally involved client base, any construction company must adjust a very good EMS in order to boost its market share or maintain its business. It will obviously gather well known gains such as:
Improved environmental regulatory compliance requirements
Minimise risks and liabilities
Appreciably reduce or minimize waste and pollution
Substantial cost savings through increased performance and motivated staff
Establishes procedures or system for continual improvement
Enhance corporate image among all stakeholders such as investors, potential customers, community groups and regulatory authorities.

the delays in construction assignments

excepted delay in Building projects/p>

No less than 60 percentage with the task delay are simply because on the method of taking care of the other forty per cent. The delays beginning using a change order demand, and further delays arises because of the technique of managing the original delays. 59 pct of task delays could possibly be prevented by having an useful project administration program.

During my work within the construction projects for that previous 5yrs, I noticed that greater than 80 percent of my corporation jobs are postponed. The main reason on the delays is varied coming from a task to a different task, however, there is a shared component in all the project and that isthe means of managing the original delays.

I will explain beneath the leading reasons in the construction projects delays , their effect on the project and also the probability to prevent the delays a result of each cause. I split the reason why in the delays in to a pair of primary variables

1- DELAYS On account of EXTERNAL FACTORS:

External factors are those occasions of delays which are not connected on the builder and never under his control, they happened from the customer or the expert, and impact the development on the perform or break the normal series on the activities. The exterior aspects are typically modify requests and successor activity, i think, they present 40 % from the building project delays reasons.

A. Modification requests:

Change orders or variation orders is among the most well known issue influencing the work progress, and also this commonly issued for the contractor through the customer or even the project consultant. Change orders occurred on account of designing inadequacies or because of customer requirement.

B. Successor tasks:

In case the contractor works linked with others tasks complete to commence, this could be an excellent basis for building delays. A case in point of complete to begin connection, one company is answerable to the project structure (groundwork and concrete), and another builder is responsible for the finishes works. This factor can’t be handled, but needs to be clearly identified in the company supervision plan to notify your client that in case X activity delayed by builder 1, Y activity will likely be delayed by builder 2.

2- DELAYS As a result of Inside Variables:

Interior Aspects are completely within the contractor control and liability, any delays takes place for the task on account of those Aspects, the contractor will carry all of the implications. Sad to say 60 percent from the task delays are caused by interior factors for instance poor management and insufficient man power and equipment.

A. Poor operations:

Insufficient a good project management programme and bad Building Project Preparing is usually a typical cause with the project waiting times . It really is easy with the contractors to get ready a period of time schedule, However, to develop a full project management software plan and adhere to it, here is the actual concern. Below is really a listing of the missing elements from the normal project managing strategy for just a building project.

B.Lack of labor and equipment:

Labor and tools will be the sources to carry out any task, any insufficient these resources will straight lead to a delays. The productivity is also involved with the numbers, reduced efficiency will defiantly result in project delays. The subsequent causes will explain the reasons you can have insufficient effort and tools in a construction project.

Underestimation on the activity complication.

Lower productivity charges.

No available resources inside regional market.

Task management technology is important now. If you want to deal with any project you ought to be mindful of the planning approaches and regulations. You may check the Planning Engineer website for no cost lessons and more project management products. http://www.planningengineer.net

Do It Yourself Windmill Construction

Windmills are mainly known as alternative power generation tools and, of course, as beautiful garden decoration too. Obviously do it yourself windmills for garden decoration is a relatively easy to be built. However constructing a power generator is more complicated.

The first step is to obtain a do it yourself windmill plan or do it yourself windmill kit. It is highly recommended that you go for option one (windmill plan) simply because it is less costly as compared to later. Of course there is always an option to get all the required parts for the windmill tower and turbine, and just to put them together.

Regardless of your approach at this point you will need to decide if you would like to have wooden windmill or one made of metal. Indeed, aluminum windmills are more expensive but they are also much more durable than the wooden ones.

A very important consideration is how much power your household needs and how much power your windmill will be providing. To determine the amount of power needed simply check your last months utility bills. Once you have a rough idea about it you are ready to choose a windmill of size that will be able to generate the same amount of power. Wind speed and the overall amount of windy days per year are also factors that need to be taken into account for correct power supply estimation. If fact it is wiser to start with these calculations as it may turn out that your windmill will not generate enough power and thus there will be no point in building one.

Another crucial step in do it yourself windmill construction is its location. This depends on the wind patterns in your area. In any case any good windmill construction plan should give advice how to choose the best spot as well as the height of the tower.